Michael R. Pence is the 48th Vice President of the United States. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress. The President can issue executive orders, which direct executive officers or clarify and further existing laws. For ground travel, the President uses an armored Presidential limousine. To provide the President with the support that he or she needs to govern effectively, the Executive Office of the President (EOP) was created in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. However, the majority of the staff is housed in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, just a few steps away and part of the White House compound. The head of the state executive branch is the Governor, who is accompanied by a Lieutenant Governor.

-Produces coins and bills. Which would the SEC most likely penalize for violating a regulation? The U.S. Secretary of Education oversees the Department’s 4,200 employees and $68.6 billion budget. must maintain the confidence of the legislature (or one part of it, if bicameral). Apportioned by population to the 50 states — one for each member of their congressional delegation (with the District of Columbia receiving 3 votes) — these Electors then cast the votes for President. The DOD occupies the vast majority of the Pentagon building in Arlington, VA. The executive branch relies on various agencies to fulfill the day-to-day tasks of enforcing the laws enacted by Congress. In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial)—an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single group of people. When the President travels by plane, his aircraft is designated Air Force One; he may also use a Marine Corps helicopter, known as Marine One while the President is on board. Appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, the members of the Cabinet are often the President’s closest confidants. -collects taxes. With a budget of approximately $25 billion, the DOJ is the world’s largest law office and the central agency for the enforcement of federal laws. It consists of 17 agencies, including the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Food and Nutrition Service, and the Forest Service. The Secretary of Veterans Affairs oversees a budget of approximately $90 billion and a staff of approximately 235,000 employees. In the Westminster type of parliamentary system, the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched as in some others. The Department of State plays the lead role in developing and implementing the President’s foreign policy. Each agency leader holds the title of Secretary except the leader of the Department of Justice, who is referred to as the Attorney General. Specifically, the top leadership roles of the executive branch may include: In a presidential system, the leader of the executive is both the head of state and head of government. Each agency is led by a department head and is granted a specific budget each year to enforce laws.

The President serves as commander-in-chief of all branches of the U.S. military. What Are the Duties of the Commander In Chief? The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is the United States government’s principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves.
The Executive Branch conducts diplomacy with other nations, and the President has the power to negotiate and sign treaties, which also must be ratified by two-thirds of the Senate. Including members of the armed forces, the Executive Branch employs more than 4 million Americans. -Enforces alcohol, tobacco, and firearms laws. The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

head of government – often the prime minister, overseeing the administration of all affairs of state. With these powers come several responsibilities, among them a constitutional requirement to “from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.” Although the President may fulfill this requirement in any way he or she chooses, Presidents have traditionally given a State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress each January (except in inaugural years) outlining their agenda for the coming year. This peaceful mansion, has been the official home of the Vice President since 1974 — previously, Vice Presidents had lived in their own private residences. The primary responsibility of the Vice President of the United States is to be ready at a moment’s notice to assume the Presidency if the President is unable to perform his duties. The Vice President is also part of the Executive Branch, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise. The Cabinet and independent federal agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws.

Independent federal agencies are tasked with enforcing the laws enacted by Congress. The agency also promotes preparedness and emergency prevention among citizens. The President also appoints the heads of more than 50 independent federal commissions, such as the Federal Reserve Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as federal judges, ambassadors, and other federal offices. It administers federal funding for scientific research to further the goal of discovery and innovation — ensuring American economic competitiveness and improving the quality of life for Americans. Perhaps the most visible parts of the EOP are the White House Communications Office and Press Secretary’s Office. The executive branch carries out and enforces laws. The Treasury Department also performs a critical and far-reaching role in enhancing national security by improving the safeguards of our financial systems, implementing economic sanctions against foreign threats to the U.S., and identifying and targeting the financial support networks of national security threats. The DOI manages the national parks and is tasked with protecting endangered species. The Attorney General represents the United States in legal matters, advises the President and the heads of the executive departments of the government, and occasionally appears in person before the Supreme Court. Every year it raises billions in revenue from energy, mineral, grazing, and timber leases, as well as recreational permits and land sales. The Department of the Interior (DOI) is the nation’s principal conservation agency. The President is responsible for promoting diplomacy with other nations, signing international treaties, issuing executive orders, signing pardons and presenting a State of the Union address to Congress on a regular basis. These programs address job training, safe working conditions, minimum hourly wage and overtime pay, employment discrimination, and unemployment insurance. The Department operates and maintains systems that are critical to the nation’s financial infrastructure, such as the production of coin and currency, the disbursement of payments to the American public, the collection of taxes, and the borrowing of funds necessary to run the federal government.

The interpretation of this clause has been the subject of considerable debate, namely the extent to which the President holds power to declare war and order commitments of troops. He is, however, only the 44th person ever to serve as President; President Grover Cleveland served two nonconsecutive terms, and thus is recognized as both the 22nd and the 24th President. These include the White House Military Office, which is responsible for services ranging from Air Force One to the dining facilities, and the Office of Presidential Advance, which prepares sites remote from the White House for the President’s arrival. The mission of the Department of Education is to promote student achievement and preparation for competition in a global economy by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access to educational opportunity. There are currently 538 electors in the Electoral College. Second-in-command to the President sits the Vice President, who is to be ready at a moment's notice to assume the role of President due to death, resignation or incapacitation.

The United States Secretary of Energy oversees a budget of approximately $23 billion and more than 100,000 federal and contract employees. DHS employs 216,000 people in its mission to patrol borders, protect travelers and our transportation infrastructure, enforce immigration laws, and respond to disasters and emergencies. The Executive Office of the President (EOP) consists of the immediate staff to the President, along with entities such as the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of the United States Trade Representative. The Press Secretary provides daily briefings for the media on the President’s activities and agenda.
While Senate confirmation is required for some advisers, such as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, most are appointed with full Presidential discretion. Like the President, he also maintains an official residence, at the United States Naval Observatory in Northwest Washington, D.C. The third largest Cabinet department, DHS was established by the Homeland Security Act of 2002, largely in response to the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. The individual offices that these advisors oversee have grown in size and number since the EOP was created.

Each U.S. state is organized like the federal government with a three-branch system.

The Department works with other federal agencies, foreign governments, and international financial institutions to encourage global economic growth, raise standards of living, and, to the extent possible, predict and prevent economic and financial crises.

The mission of the Department of Energy (DOE) is to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States. Offices within the Department of Labor include the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the federal government’s principal statistics agency for labor economics, and the Occupational Safety & Health Administration, which promotes the safety and health of America’s working men and women. Except in the case of tiebreaking votes, the Vice President rarely actually presides over the Senate. The EOP, overseen by the White House Chief of Staff, has traditionally been home to many of the President’s closest advisers. The United States Secretary of Agriculture administers the USDA. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations. -Borrows money and manages public debt. The Department plays a major role in supporting homeownership for lower- and moderate-income families through its mortgage insurance and rent subsidy programs.

Major responsibilities include United States representation abroad, foreign assistance, foreign military training programs, countering international crime, and a wide assortment of services to U.S. citizens and foreign nationals seeking entrance to the U.S. In parliamentary systems, the executive is responsible to the elected legislature, i.e. This can be because of the President’s death, resignation, or temporary incapacitation, or if the Vice President and a majority of the Cabinet judge that the President is no longer able to discharge the duties of the presidency.

Less visible to most Americans is the National Security Council, which advises the President on foreign policy, intelligence, and national security. Members of the executive (ministers), are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law. When Congress enacts legislation, the President holds the power to veto bills. The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. In the strong mayor form of government, the mayor is the chief executive officer of the city. The President's Cabinet is an advisory body made up of the heads of each of the 15 federal agencies. There are also a number of offices responsible for the practicalities of maintaining the White House and providing logistical support for the President.


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