Kentucky and Missouri never officially seceded from the Union. Although British and French companies sold ships and materials to the Confederacy, no nation officially recognized the CSA as an independent country. This doctrine, portrayed by 1915 movie ‘Birth of a Nation', led directly to the revival of the KKK at that time. In Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens' famous 1861 "Cornerstone Speech," he stated that "our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite ideas: its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests upon the great truth, that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery—subordination to the superior race—is his natural and normal condition. The government ran out of funds to maintain their military, high numbers of Confederate soldiers deserted, and the Conscript Bureau was forced to close in 1865 because it was unable to find any men left to draft. It is still undecided if the Confederate States of America was ever a country. Jefferson Davis was a Senator from Mississippi and had previously served as the US Secretary of War. The right to vote was explicitly restricted to white men. After some of the deadliest battles in U.S. history, Union forces gradually regained control of southern states. The states rejoined the Union after the war ended in 1865, and Georgia was the last to rejoin. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! First promoted immediately after the end of the Civil War, the Lost Cause doctrine is based in three main ideas: that the formation of the Confederacy was a noble venture, that the Civil War was not fought over slavery, and that slavery itself was benign or even a positive institution. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! State Secededfrom Union Readmittedto Union11. For the type of nation, see, Chronology of military events in the American Civil War, C.S.A. Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederacy. In the "Declaration of the Causes Which Impel the State of Texas to Secede From the Federal Union," the writers stated that, "We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity; that the African race had no agency in their establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable." Mississippi Jan. 9, 1861 Feb. 23, 18703. For the 2004 film, see, "Confederate States" redirects here. : The Confederate States of America, Battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919), Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, "Preventing Diplomatic Recognition of the Confederacy, 1861–65", "Preventing Diplomatic Recognition of the Confederacy, 1861-1865", List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials, Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson Monument. Six states followed over the next four months. The Confederacy simply faced several insurmountable problems towards the end of the war. However, they were recognized by the Confederacy and were represented by two stars on the Confederate flag. War began when the CSA attacked one of those forts, Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The key changes from the United States Constitution, of course, were related to slavery. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The first capital of the Confederacy was Montgomery, Alabama, but for most of the war the capital was Richmond, Virginia. The Union never said that the Confederacy was really a country. Between 75-85 percent of them had served by the end of the war. The Confederacy's military mobilization was ultimately unsustainable for its largely agrarian economy, leading to extreme food shortages and riots starting in 1863. The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and the CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 to 1865 by 11 Southern states of the United States of America that had declared their secession.The CSA's de facto control over its claimed territory varied during the course of the American Civil War, depending on the success of its military in battle. On February 4, 1861, representatives from South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana met in Montgomery, Alabama (with representatives from Texas arriving later) to form the Confederate States of America. It was established in 1861 by seven southern states in which slavery was legal, after Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the U.S., but before he took office.

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